Chapter One

Chapter Two

Chapter Three

Chapter Four

Chapter Five

Chapter Six

Chapter Seven

Chapter Eight

Chapter Nine

Chapter Ten

Chapter Eleven

Chapter Twelve

Donald J. Leu

Deborah D. Leu

Julie Coiro

Chapter Ten



This chapter will discuss ways that these technologies can draw us closer to others who come from different cultural contexts. We will suggest resources to help students gain a better understanding and deeper appreciation for diversity and professional resources to assist teachers in incorporating a multicultural approach in their classrooms.

Teaching With the Internet: Cheryl Chan's Class

Latin American Network Information Center LANIC

Primary and Secondary Education

Mexico para Ninos and its English version Mexico for Kids. (This site also has French and Italian versions).

Timeline of the American Civil Rights Movement

Using Internet E-mail Classroom Connections

Indigenous Peoples Literature and Native Web Resources


A Line in the Sand

Directories for Multicultural Understanding

Some of the best directories for increasing multicultural understanding include:

African American History and Culture A useful collection of resources from the Smithsonian Institution.

Asian Americans An award-winning site with collections of resources on aspects of the Asian American experience as well as links to East and Southeast Asia resources.

Cultures of the World   A central site with many extensive resources selected by the American Library Association as appropriate for children from preschool to age 14.

Humanities Interactive An interactive site from the Humanities Council of Texas, featuring virtual exhibits of art and information on many cultures around the world. With teacher guides, lessons, games, and essays, this site is also great for teachers.

Index of Native American Resources on the Internet This site offers the most comprehensive site of Native American Resources we’ve found.

Language and Culture Links for Limited English Proficient Students Educational, linguistic, and cultural online resources for the top languages/language groups of English learners in U.S. schools.

Latin American Network Information Center A great location with many sites and resources devoted to the study of Latin America.  Some of the locations are in Spanish.

Portals to the World This site provides a wealth of information on most of the countries of the world. Especially useful for secondary students.

Yahooligans: Around the World For classrooms in the elementary grades exploring cultural diversity. All areas will have links to resources that may be immediately used in the classroom.

Directories for Teachers

There are excellent directories for teachers that often provide lesson plans as well as information. Here are some of the better directories for teachers that we have found:

Asia on the Web A very extensive set of resources from the Center for East Asian Studies at UCLA. Be sure to check the K-12 Curriculum resources.

Asia for Educators An excellent resource from the  At Columbia University.  Includes information on DBQs (data based questions for state assessments).

Five Dimensions of Digital Equity—Cultural Relevance This site has an eclectic list of resources representing the cultural relevance dimension of digital equality criteria list. Sites range from ESL activities to an archive of African American music to an assessment rubric.

Hot List of Sites in ¡Espanol! A great list of resources in Spanish from the SBC Knowledge Network.

K-12 African Studies A variety of resources of links from the African Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania. Check their General Resources category for country pages and K–12 resources.

Native American Sites A variety of links including the home page of the Native American Library Association.

To find a school with students who speak the language of ESL students in your class, you may wish to pay a visit to IECC , Kidlink , or Windows on the World.

TEACHING TIP: Online Translation Sites

Be sure to click the free electronic translation button unless you want to pay for a human translator!

Free Translation
World Lingo

You can find links to international newspapers at the Internet Public Library. In addition, you may wish to have your students listen to a radio station from the country or in the culture from which the ESL student comes. This can be done by visiting the Stations Guide location at RealAudio and searching for radio stations by the student’s language or geographical region. Alternatively, you could visit Yahoo’s Live Radio site and search for the online radio stations in a target countryInternet, especially if they have a partner with whom to exchange the information.

Opportunities for English Language Learners

Activities for ESL Students Another site from the Internet TESL Journal. This site has links to numerous exercises and quizzes. It also includes links to bilingual puzzles in several languages.

Dave Sperling’s ESL Cafe This is a good site for teachers and older students. It offers bulletin boards and chat as well as activities and resources.

ESL Independent Study Lab Links to many activities and games. Organized by ability level.

E. L. Easton: Materials For Teaching English Another excellent directory with ESL links for a variety of levels and purposes, as well as to other relevant sites such as “flags of the world.”

IATEFL Young Learners Special Interest Group A site for teachers from the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language.

Interesting Things for ESL Students A variety of games, puzzles, proverbs, and other enjoyable ways to practice English.

OWL ESL Resources, Handouts and Exercises  Excellent site for middle and high school students from Purdue University’s Online Writing Center.

Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab Students can practice listening to conversations and lectures from a wide range of native speaker voices.

TESL, TEFL, TESOL, ESL, EFL, ESOL LINKS From the Internet TESL Journal, this is one of the best ESL directories with links for teachers and students. It’s non-commercial and contains no frames or graphics.

Tower of English This site offers an extensive list of sites (in 34 categories such as animals, comics, and business) for ESL students to practice English.

The University of Victoria’s English Language Centre Study Zone This site offers a variety of activities and explanations regarding grammar and reading for students at various levels.

Keeping It Simple: Using Internet Workshop

Here are some examples of Internet Workshop that could be used to support multicultural understanding:

On the Line See how people in eight different countries on the meridian line from Europe through Africa share the same time of day but lead very different lives. Have students select one country and come to the workshop session with a presentation on the culture of that country.

Mancala This strategy game from Africa is often found in classrooms. Here it is in a virtual form. Students can play this game against the computer as you study African or African American cultural traditions.

Chinese Calendar The Chinese Zodiac is a 12-year cycle in which each year is named after an animal. People born in a given year are said to have that animal’s characteristics. Have your students visit this Chinese calendar activity developed by students at Loogootee Elementary School. Have them find the animal that corresponds to the year of their birth and read about the characteristics of people born in that year.  If you teach older students, have them read the more extensive information available at the Chinese Culture Center’s Zodiac Page and complete a similar activity.


It is important to study different cultural experiences in order to better understand the diversity that defines our world.  Students have used the Internet to support efforts in famine relief at locations such as The Hunger Site, or to support the purchase of rain forest habitat at locations such as Rain Forest Care.  UNICEF’s Voices of Youth website is a great resource for getting started.  You might also seek social action or volunteer projects in you community by visiting Project America.

Using Internet Project

Seek out projects with classes from different cultural contexts.

The Global SchoolNet Projects Registry
Intercultural Email Classroom Connections
Oz Projects
SchoolNet’s Grassroots Collaborative Learning Projects Gallery
Windows on the World
iEARN the International Education and Resource Network in Australia.

Using Internet Inquiry

Web Inquiry Projects

Stamping Out Injustices


Digital Divide - This lesson plan for Grades 7 to 12 helps students understand issues of equal access to technology by comparing them to similar issues that have been raised within other divides such as gender, race, and poverty.

Using WebQuest

Using WebQuest for developing multicultural understanding seems natural. Evaluate the following quests to see if they are suitable for your students.

Six Paths to China This outstanding collection of activities includes both a full WebQuest Searching for China and a number of other, more focused WebQuests.

Tuskegee Tragedy An outstanding WebQuest for secondary school students, enabling them to explore the tragedy of Tuskegee, compare it to other events such as gun control, abortion, and the use of internment camps, and then determine whether Tuskegee was a unique event or one that we must continually guard against.  One of the many fine resources at Blue Web’n

Native Americans in the Natural World Many students (and others) share the belief that all Indians are the same. This WebQuest has students explore a number of resources in order to compare four different Indian cultures and lifestyles: the Tlingit, the Hopi, the Iroquois, and the Lakota. 

Black History: Exploring African-American Issues on the Web Permits you and your students to study a number of important issues related to many African American experiences. Included are a Black History Hotlist with links to many sites on the Internet, an Interactive Treasure Hunt and Quiz , a series of short explorations called Sampling African America, and a full WebQuest on racial desegregation called Little Rock 9 Integration 0

Stomp Out Stereotypes An excellent WebQuest designed to help Russians and Americans break down their stereotypes of each other. This quest may be appropriate for your students, but even if it is not, check out the many activities and resources for ideas that could be useful in creating your own webquest dealing with multicultural understanding issues.


From: Jeanette Kenyon <>
Subject: Creating WebQuests

WebQuests for Learning A very good “how to” page explaining the reasoning and strategies of WebQuests. This site deals in depth with the “new literacies” that are emerging in the field of technology.
WebQuest A comprehensive site that includes sample projects covering all areas of the curriculum, put together by a teacher.
WebQuests A very extensive collection for all grade levels and  areas. Virginia Standards of Learning numbers are noted in red.
Understanding and Using WebQuests An all encompassing site that includes tips, information, and many links to WebQuest pages.
WebQuests from the Spartanburg, PA school district  Loads of information and many “ready made” quests.
A list of quests from California schools

Good luck and Happy WebQuesting!

Visiting the Classroom: The Harriet Tubman Page Developed by Terry Hongell and Patty Taverna in New York

We can learn many important lessons from a visit to Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad.

New Literacies in Multicultural Understanding


From: Terry Hongell (
Patty Taverna (
Subject: Our Websites 

We create at least one new site each year. Often the inspiration for the student’s web work is a piece of literature.

Pocantico Hills School Homepage
Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad
A Children’s Guide to Vietnam
Charlotte’s Web
John D. Rockefeller, Sr.
Benjamin Franklin: A Man of Many Talents
Meet the Wright Brothers

Additional Resources on the Internet for Multicultural Understanding

The African American Mosaic An online exhibit from the Library of Congress exploring Black history and containing many primary source documents.

Africa Online: Kids Only Students can read Rainbow Magazine—a Kenyan magazine for kids, play African games and decode messages.   Learn about the over 1000 languages in Africa, meet African students on line, find a keypal, or visit the home pages of schools in Africa. In English and French.

Alaska Native Knowledge Network An online site for “compiling and exchanging information related to Alaska Native knowledge systems and ways of knowing.”

Albleza A Native American arts and media institute. Also see  the section on appropriate methods for teaching about Native Americans .

Amazon Interactive A wonderful site for learning about Amazonia and the people who call this beautiful place home, including the Quichua people. Many exciting learning activities appear here.

American Indian Education A variety of resources from the State of California for those who teach Native Americans.

American Indian Resource Directory Includes a tribal directory and links to Native American Literature; from the American Indian Heritage Foundation.

American Indian Sports Team Mascots Articles, quotes, cartoons, comments, and information on the issue of using Indians and elements of their culture as sports team names and mascots. Anthropology Outreach A site for teachers from the Museum of Natural History. Contains bibliographies, leaflets, and teacher packets on a variety of topics.

Art History Resources on the Web Photos of artifacts from every part of the world, ancient to contemporary. Has links to many of the world’s art museums.

Asia Source Links to various aspects of Asian culture: arts and culture, business and economics, government and policy and social issues. Sponsored by the Asia Society.

Asian Nation Information on history, political issues, the arts, and many links to other Asian American sites.

Ask Asia  A collection of K-12 resource from the Asia Society.

Circle of Stories A PBS site that uses documentaries, photos, art, and music to celebrate Native American storytellers.

Center for Applied Linguistics A national center for language study and application with many links to a wide variety of ESL resources.

Center for Educational Technology in Indian America Provides professional development and technical support for Indian educators, schools, and communities.

An excellent site for information dealing with all types of civil rights issues. Cultural Quest World Tour Another site from the Internet Public Library’s Kidspace. Click on a region to visit various countries and learn something about their cultures. Games, museums, and recipes are some of the topics you may find out about.

Evaluating Native American Web Sites Suggested guidelines for identifying websites with accurate information about Native Americans.

The First Americans A great project developed by the 3rd graders at Germantown Elementary School in Illinois, providing us all with a new resource for our study of native Americans. Cranes for Peace Began as a project to collect paper cranes to be sent to Hiroshima for the 50th anniversary of the bombing as a wish for peace. Based on the book Sadako and the 1,000 Cranes, this ongoing project continues to celebrate peace each year by sending cranes to be placed at the memorial to Sadako in Seattle or to the peace shrine in Hiroshima.

A Critical Bibliography for North American Indians, K-12 A site for teachers from the Smithsonian Institution that annotates a number of books on Native Americans. Organized geographically.

The First Americans A great project developed by the 3rd graders at Germantown Elementary School in Illinois, providing us all with a new resource for our study of Native Americans.

For Students of Languages A collection of useful sites for students learning one of five languages: English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish.

“I” Is Not For Indian A site for teachers that has a selective bibliography and guide for evaluating how Native Americans are portrayed in books for young children.

 Jewish Culture and History One of the more extensive sites on the Internet on Jewish culture with many links to other locations including links to Virtual Jerusalem and the Tour of Israel. More appropriate for older students.

Kids from Ka-na-ta Project This is a Canadian national telecommunications project linking urban and rural First Nations and non-Native students and teachers via the Internet. KIDPROJ’S Multi-Cultural Calendar Developed by KIDLINK, a non-profit organization, this location contains a great database of celebrations taking place around the world together with ideas for connecting the calendar to your curriculum.

KUMC Calendar: Valuing our Differences— Celebrating Our Diversity Another list of religious, ethnic, and cultural holidays from around the world. Many days on the list link to sites with further information about the special day.

Kwanzaa Information Center Kwanzaa is the African American spiritual holiday initiated by Dr. Maulana Ron Karenga in 1966. Today it is celebrated in an increasing number of homes. This location at Melanet provides a rich set of information resources about this holiday.

Latin American Children’s Resources From Zona Latina, this location contains links to a number of children’s resources from Latin America, including many in Spanish.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Reflect on the legacy of this famous American. Developed by a newspaper in Seattle, this location includes an interactive timeline of his life and contributions, audio clips of important speeches, reflections on his life from many individuals, a photo tour of the civil rights movement, and information about the national holiday in the United States.

Micositas Ccontains 40 virtual picture books, in English, Spanish, and French.  A commercial site, but there are no ads on the main pages. You only find the catalog if you click on the shopping bag icon.

NAME The home page for the National Association for Multicultural Education. Contains position papers and information on conferences.

National Civil Rights Museum The home page for this museum. Take the interactive tour of the exhibit to learn about this continuing struggle.

The New Americans The companion site to the PBS series on immigrants and refugees seeking the American Dream.

Newswatch Style Guide From the Center for Integration and Improvement of Journalism at San Francisco State University. See the style guide for links to help journalists accurately and fairly cover people and communities who have been the victim of biased reporting or ignored by the news media. For secondary students.

Oyate This organization evaluates texts, resource materials, and fiction by and about Native peoples. See their list of non-recommended books for children.

SARAI—Southeast Asia Resource Access on the Internet Excellent source of links and resources for southeast Asian countries including India, Pakistan, Tibet, Bangladesh and Nepal.

Say Hello to the World  Learn to say hello in over 35 languages including Braille and Sign Language. Requires Real Audio if you want to listen as well as read the pronunciation guide.

The Simon Wiesenthal Center Links to thousands of important resources covering the Holocaust and other issues of Jewish struggle.

Talking Leaves Provides lists of books, newspapers, e-zines, and other resources that present Native American concerns.

Teaching Diverse Learners A site for helping all teachers learn to work with English Language Learners in their classrooms.

Tolerance.Org An online project from the Southern Poverty Law Center. Sections for parents, teachers, kids, and teens with news and information on fighting hate and promoting tolerance. U.S. Women’s History Workshop Online resources and curricular modules on women’s studies and United States history for use in history, English, and social studies courses, grades 3 through 12.

WWW Resources for Foreign Language Teachers A good collection of links to language teaching resources for teachers put together by members of the Language Teaching Forum. Includes general resources as well as language-specific resources for Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

Online Communities for Increasing Multicultural Understanding

CULTUR-L A discussion group on cultural differences in the curriculum.
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FLTEACH Foreign Language Teaching Forum
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MCPavilion A list for discussing equity, social justice, and multicultural education. Your subscription must be approved by the list moderator. Archives are available only to subscribers.
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MCPavilion Bulletin Boards

MULTC-ED Sponsored by the National Association for Multicultural Education, the University of Maryland-College Park, and George Mason University. Discussion on multicultural curriculum, teaching, or research in preK–12; colleges and universities; other educationally related agencies; and parents.
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MULT-CUL Discusses theoretical and practical aspects of multicultural education.              
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MULTICULTURAL-ED Discussions of multicultural education.
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NAME-MCE The mailing list of the National Association for Multicultural Education.
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S-L Lists The Student List Project Discussion forums on a variety of topics for English Language Learners, with separate groups for university and adult learners, immigrants, and teens. Teachers can enroll entire classes and track their messages in order to provide feedback or progress.

TESL-L Classroom issues related to teaching English to non-native English speakers around the world.
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WORLD-L Discussions on teaching non-Eurocentric world history.
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